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Mallard v Hoffinger

Mallard v Hoffinger, 222 Mich. App. 137, 564 N.W.2d 74 (1997), established that the manufacturer of a “simple tool” (in this instance, an above-ground swimming pool) had no duty to design safety features to protect the users from injuries sustained by striking the bottom of their pool since the risk of harm is “open and obvious” to all.